The basic idea behind this principle is that competition leads to reasonable price, quality and is good for the economy; consequently, the public procurement process should not be manipulated to give preference to any particular firm(s) or individual(s). And given that public procurement is funded with tax payers’ money, all qualified firms and individuals should be allowed to participate by submitting bids and/or proposals on requirements for which they are qualified. Additionally, public procurement requirements should be widely disseminated to increase the chances of a good market response leading to the award of competitively-priced contracts.
Not all contracts are awarded using a competitive process because this depends on the urgency of need and the resulting procurement method used to fulfill specific requirements. The use of non-competitive procurement methods, although justified under certain circumstance, should be kept to a minimum. Examples of non-competitive procurement methods are: shopping (also called request for quotations or invitation to quote), and direct contracting (single/sole sourcing). Each of these non-competitive procurement methods have their purpose and should not be misused cheska-lekarna.com.